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英语关键句型72种(2)

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11."to make…of"的译法(使……成为……,把……当作)I will make a scientist of my son.

12. too…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式She is too angry to speak.

13. only(not, all, but, never) too …to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是"not","all""but等字后+"too…to,"不定式都失去了否定意义,在"too ready(apt) +to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。You know but too yell to hold your tongue.

14. "no more …than…"句型
A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.

15. "not so much…as"和"not so much as …"结构,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:"与其说是……毋须说是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可译为"甚至……还没有"。
The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.

16. "Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"结构,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"都具有最高级比较的意思,"Nothing I"可换用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可译为"没有……比……更为","像……再没有了","最……"等。 Nothing is more precious than time.

17. "cannot…too…"结构,"cannot…too…"意为"It is impossible to overdo…"或者,即"无论怎样……也不算过分"。"not"可换用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可换用"enough","sufficient"等 You cannot be too careful.

18. "否定+but "结构,在否定词后面的"but",具有"which not","who not","that not",等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成"没有……不是"或"……都……"等

Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.
19. "否定+until (till)"结构,在否定词"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的后边所接用的"until/till",多数情况下译为"直到……才……","要……才……",把否定译为肯定。 Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.

20. "not so…but"和"not such a …but"结构,这两个结构和"否定+but"的结构差不多,不同之点是这两个结构中的"but"是含有"that…not"意味的连续词,表示程度。可译为"还没有……到不能做……的程度","并不是……不……","无论怎样……也不是不能……"等。
He is not so sick but he can come to school.
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