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71. no prudent person dared to act on the assumption that, when the continent was settled, one government could include the whole; and when the vast expense broke up, as seemed inevitable, into a collection of separate nations, only discord, antagonism, and wars could be expected.

72. if they were right in thinking that the next necessity in human progress was to lift the average person upon an intellectual and social level with the most favored, they stood at least three generations nearer than europe to that goal.

73. somehow he knows that if our huckstering civilization did not at every moment violate the eternal fitness of things, the poet’s song would have been given to the world, and the poet would have been cared for by the whole human brotherhood, as any man should be who does the duty that every man owes it.

74. the instinctive sense of the dishonor which money-purchase does to art is so strong that sometimes a man of letters who can pay his way otherwise refuses pay for his work, as lord byron did, for a while, from a noble pride, and as count tolstoy has tried to do, from a noble conscience.
74、金钱购买给艺术的本能耻辱感如此强烈,以致可有时文人可以获得报酬却拒绝为其作品给予的报酬,lord byron有时因为尊贵的自豪而这么做,而count tolstoy则出于贵族的良知而尽力这么做。

75. perhaps he believed that he could not criticize american foreign policy without endangering the support for civil rights that he had won from the feder al government.

76. abraham lincoln, who presided in his stone temple on august 28, 1963 above the children of the slaves he emancipated (解放), may have used just the right words to sum up the general reaction to the negroes’ massive march on washington.
76、abraham lincoln在1963年8月28日在他掌管的石头寺里解放了奴隶的孩子们,使用了正确的词语来总统对待华盛顿的黑人群众游行。

77. in the warren court era, voters asked the court to pass on issues concerning the size and shape of electoral districts, partly out of desperation because no other branch of government offered relief, and partly out of hope that the court would reexamine old decisions in this area as it had in others, looking at basic constitutional principles in the light of modern living conditions.

78. some even argue plausibly that this weakness may be irremediable : in any society that, like a capitalist society, seeks to become ever wealthier in material terms disproportionate rewards are bound to flow to the people who are instrumental in producing the increase in its wealth.

79. this doctrine has broadened the application of the fourteenth amendment to other, nonracial forms of discrimination, for while some justices have refused to find any legislative classification other than race to be constitutionally disfavored, most have been receptive to arguments that at least some nonracial discriminations, sexual discrimination in particular, are “suspect” and deserve this heightened scrutiny by the courts.

80. but as cameras become more sophisticated, more automated, some photographers are tempted to disarm themselves or to suggest that they are not really armed, preferring to submit themselves to the limits imposed by premodern camera technology because a cruder, less high-powered machine is thought to give more interesting or emotive results, to have more room for creative accident.