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六级复合式听写题备考技巧

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英语六级考试复合式听写题备考技巧,如何利用间隙,浏览全文,积极预测答案,听不懂的如何猜测出答案。

一、给分标准

1. 36至43每题为0.5分。拼写完全正确的单词给0.5分,凡有错不给分,大小写错误忽略不计;

2. 44―46满分为2分,答出第一和第二部分内容且语言正确各得1分;

二、扣分标准

1. 44至46题中有语言错误扣0.5分,每题语言错误扣分不超过0.5分,凡不得分部分如有语言错误不再重复扣分;

2. 44至46题中凡有与问题无关的内容扣0.5分。

3. 44至46题中如出现明显属于笔误造成的拼写错误和大小写、标点符号错误,不扣分;

4. 用汉语回答问题不给分。

"复合式听写"(compound dictation)这一题型,比听力选择题更强调语言综合运用能力,考生不仅要具有良好的听的能力,还应具有较强的拼写能力,记笔记能力和书面表达能力,听的能力是"复合式听写"的基础。

在英语六级别考试中,考生在做第8-10个填空时,由于没弄懂题意,只想着全部听写下来,结果感到速度太快,记不下来。听写部分意思虽然理解了,也没用自己的话表达,白白地丢掉了好几分。六级别听力考试中,除了对话和短文的解题要点以外,做英语六级别听写部分时,还要根据听写题材本身的特点,采用一些不同的技巧。要做好听写题,必须所把握好以下几点:

(1)利用间隙,浏览全文,积极预测。

听写部分开头有一段较长的directions,其长度约为150词左右,差不多等于听写短文本身。按每分钟130-150个词的语速朗读,大约需要1分多一点的时间才能读完。而directions的内容考生在平时的训练中已经多次接触,非常熟悉,没有必要再去细听慢读,应该有效地利用这一段宝贵的时间,通读全文,积极预测文章的内容。因为听写部分(除复合式听写的第二部分外)卷面所提供的文字信息往往比所要求填写的信息多,利用这些已知的信息预测未知的信息可以大大提高填词的针对性。

通过卷面文字捕捉信息,找出线索、了解大意。"复合式听写"材料多为说明文,这一体裁的文章具有主题突出,条理分明,层次清楚,语言简洁,逻辑性强的特点。文章的开头或段首多半有主题句(topic sentence),之后的段、句进一步具体扩展、说明或论证主题句。段首和段尾均有完整的主题句。考生应利用一切机会,如考前空隙或播放考试指令时间,浏览试卷该项下的文字部分,尤其是主题句,根据主题句预测文章发展线索和大意。

passage one

if you are a young college student, most of your concerns about your health and happiness in life are probably (s1) _________ on the present. basically, you want to feel good physically, mentally, and (s2)_______now. you probably don't spend much time worrying about the (s3)_______future, such as whether you will develop heart disease, or (s4)________,

how you will take care of yourself in your (s5)_______years, or how long you are going to live. such thoughts may have (s6)_______your mind once in a while, however, if you are in your thirties, forties, fifties, or older, such health related thoughts are likely to become(s7)________important to you.

(s8)_________that will help you feel better physically and mentally. recently researchers have found that, even in late adulthood, exercise, strength training with weights, and better food can help elderly individuals significantly improve their health and add happiness to their life. (s9)_________ giving us the opportunity to avoid some of health problems that have troubled them. (s10)____________

(s1) focused

(s2) emotionally

(s3) distant

(s4) cancer

(s5) retirement

(s6) crossed

(s7) increasingly

(s8)regardless of your age, you can make a number of important changes in your current life style

(s9)we know much more about preventive health today than our parents and grandparents did in the past,

(s10)and this new knowledge can be transmitted to our children to help them become healthier than our generation.

(1) present-now-future

(2) para. 1 changes of people's concerns (young——older)

(3) para. 2 how to feel better and avoid some health problems

即使"复合式听写"材料为其它体裁的文章,听音前浏览下试题也大有裨益。因为文章具有一致性和连贯性的特点,从试题中我们总会搜索到一些有参考价值的材料。1997年6月份大学英语四级考试中的听写文章:考生扫一眼便会知道是一篇关于policeman和他们的job的事,这样就不会措手不及,心慌意乱,影响正常水平的发挥了。

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