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复合式听写听第一二遍的技巧

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(2)听第一遍录音应从大处着眼,小处着手,听为主,记为辅,听写结合,双管齐下

听第一遍录音时应尽量放松,抓主要信息(大处着眼),将注意力集中在空格部分,尤其注意听清或写下第一个词和最后一个词(小处着手)。否则,就可能糊里糊涂地什么也没听清。要特别提醒:听第一遍时不要手忙脚乱、边听边记,或为了某一个词而造成意识上的暂时停顿,破坏整句或整段的理解。

第一遍是全文朗读,要求考生注意听懂全文内容。由于听音前考生已浏览了卷面文字,对听力材料有了大致的了解,因此听读第一遍时,考生可以适当地填写些单词和做些笔记,听为主,记为辅。第一遍记下关键词有助于第二遍听写时启发记忆,提示要点,同时也减轻了第二遍笔记的任务,使笔记更加充实、完整,依次与出的内容要点才会更加全面、准确。听和记两种不同的语言技能在"复合式听写"中有着紧密的联系,相互促进。

(3)听第二遍录音时,留神停顿信号,注意意群和关键词语。

第二遍在听懂的基础上,迅速记下所听的内容。这一遍主要是抢速度,用简写等方式或用图形、符号记录下内容就行。一般考生听完两遍基本可听懂句意;但只凭记忆写要点,往往容易有疏漏和错误。足够信息量的笔记是写好要点的重要条件;但如何在有限的时间内记录下更多的内容呢?这里介绍几种方法。

首先,可使用缩略语。可用esp.代especially,sth代something, apprec代appreciation等。没有缩略语的词汇,如字母较少的单词,可完整写出该词,如gift, take,字母较多的单词(只写该词前几个字母;这里的基本要求是快速,省时,并能表达含义。缩略语不一定要求规范,甚至可用些符号,所记内容不一定要求完整,只要能起到提示的作用,自己能看懂就行了。

其次,由于"复合式听写"第二部分朗读时没有停顿,即使使用缩略语也难记下全文,因此考生应有选择地记笔记。英语中实词具有表意功能,而虚词多具语法功能,所以记词应以实词为主。

另外,因为"复合式听写"第二部分只要求写出内容要点,这样考生应重点记下句中的中心词。短语a thank-you gift,greatly appreciated和quite acceptable中的定、状语便可略去不记。

通过这几种方法,考生大大压缩了所记的词语,赢得了时间,精练了内容,增大了笔记的信息量,提高记笔记的效率,为写好内容要点创造了条件。

passage two

in police work, you can never predict the next crime or problem. no working day is identical to any other, so there is no (s1) _____ day for a police officer. some days are (s2)_________ slow, and the job is (s3)________; other days are so busy that there is no time to eat. i think i can (s4)________ police work in one word: (s5)________. sometimes it's dangerous. one day, for example, i was working undercover;

that is, i was on the job, but i was wearing (s6) ________ clothes, not my police (s7)________. i was trying to catch some robbers who were stealing money from people as they walked down the street. suddenly,(s8) ___________________________________________another policeman arrived, and together, we arrested three of the men;

but the other four ran away. another day, i helped a woman who was going to have a baby. (s9)_____________________ ___________. i put her in my police car to get her there faster. i thought she was going to have the baby right there in my car. but fortunately, (s10) _____________________.

(s1) typical  (s2) relatively  (s3) boring  (s4) describe  (s5) variety  (s6) normal  (s7) uniform

(s8) seven bad men jumped out at me/came to me and we got into/began a fight.

(s9) she was trying to get to/going to the hospital. but there was a bad traffic jam.

(s10) the baby arrived in the hospital.

原文:

s8. seven bad men jumped out at me; one of them had a knife, and we got into a fight.

s9. she was trying to get to the hospital, but there was a bad traffic jam.

s10. the baby waited to "arrive" until we got to the hospital.

缩小了内容范围,考生听音时更具针对性和准确性,心理放松,更为自信,使自己在考试中处于主动地位。

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