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地点与方向题型解题要点

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二、地点与方向题型: 在地点型试题中,有的地点在对话中直接提到,有的则需要根据对话内容来判断(这类问题一般是问对话发生在何处),还有的则是两者兼而有之。

卷面线索

选项通常由(介词+)地点名词构成,提问可分为两种情况。第一种问对话发生在何处,选项的形式通常为表示方位的介词(如in, at等)加上一个地点名词构成;第二种问的是方向,选项的形式通常为表示方向的介词(如to, from, out of等)加上一个地点名词或者只有地点名词构成。

解题要点:

(1) 首先要根据卷面线索判断出试题的类型。对于第一种试题,要重点听对话中的与特定地点有关的常用词或词组(即关键词),例如听到reserve,check in,check out,room之类的词的话即可判断对话是发生在旅馆里,听到size,color,pay,discount之类的词即可判断对话地点是在商店等。

(2) 与方向有关的词和词组并不多,所提出的问题在形式上也可能比较简单,但是这类问题出现时,往往需要几经思考才能得出答案。在这类问题中,务必要注意录音中的内容细节,不要单凭从对话中获得的孤立信息来确定答案。建议在听音的同时用笔在纸上画一些草图以帮助理解。

(3)与时间题不同,有的地点题可通过逻辑判断猜出正确的答案,平时要注意这方面能力的培养。

听力真题原文一:

A)At the Sun Valley.

B) At the Health Center.

C) At home

D) At Work.

M:Good afternoon This is Edward Miller at the Sun Valley Health Center I’d like to speak to Mr Adams, please.

W:Mr Miller, my husband isn’t at home I can give you his business phone if you’d like to call him at work.

Q:Where is Mr Adams now?

答案D)。本题表面是很简单,因为对话中有直接提示词At work,它与D)项完全相同。此外,his buisness phone(他的办公电话)也能给我们一定的提示。

听力原文真题二:

A) At the airport.

B) In a travel agency.

C) In a hotel

D) At home

M: I’ve just got back from the holiday you arranged for me, but I must tell you the hotel was really awful! It was miles from the sea. The food was awful too. The bedroom was dirty.

W: Sorry about that but it’s not really our fault. The contract does say that the hotel accommodation is not our responsibility

Q: Where is the conversation most probably taking place?

此题对话中虽有地点名词出现(hotel),但明显不是答案。本题考的是推理能力。根据hotel等关键词,可推断对话的话题与旅行有关。而从W的话中的arrange, contract等词,可以判断出这是一家旅行社(B)。本题说明,在听对话时,要对关键词特别注意,但又不能认为关键词就是答案。

听力原文真题三:

A)In the side street.

B) At the crossroads.

C) On the main road

D) On the motorway.

M:Now, Miss, do you feel all right now? What happened?

W:Yes, I’m fine now. I was just at the motorway I was driving along the main road when suddenly right before the crossroads I met the car came out at the side street I didn’t see him until he hit me.

Q: Where was the car before it hit the woman?

本题属于较为特殊的地点题,考生不仅要听懂对话发生的地点,而且要能理解I met the car came out at the side street这句语法上有错误的话并推断出在汽车撞上W之前,它正在the side street (A)中。其他选项在对话中都曾出现过,但它们都是描述W本人所在的位置,而非肇事车辆所处的位置。

听力原文真题四:

A) In a court.

B) On the farm.

C) In a bank.

D) In a shop.

W: I just stopped by at your office in the bank. They told me that you had quit where are you working now?

M: I am working for a lawyer now.The pay is better and the work is much more interesting.

Q: Where did the man work before?

答案C)。此题的关键词bank在对话中出现了两次,考生不但可以从女士的话(…at your office in the bank,They told me that you had quit:),也可以从男士的回答(The pay is better than in the bank…)中得出本题的正确答案。而a lawyer 仅仅是一个难度不大的干扰词,考生只要听懂now这一词就可以排B)D)两项与本题对话明显无关。

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