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CET6真题高频词汇大解析(四)

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Conform(8次)

1. My boss has failed me so many times that I no longer place any ________on what he promises. (05/6)
A) assurance
B) probability
C) reliance
D) conformity
2. One witness ________ that he'd seen the suspect run out of the bank after it had been robbed. (05/1)
A) convicted
B) conformed
C) retorted
D) testified
3. It is fortunate for the old couple that their son's career goals and their wishes for him _____. (03/6)
A) coincide
B) comply
C) conform
D) collaborate
4. As visiting scholars, they willingly _______ to the customs of the country they live in. (02/12)
A) submit
B) conform
C) subject
D) commit
5. All the students have to ______to the rules and regulations of the school.(01/1)
A) confirm
B) confront
C) confine
D) conform
6. E-mail is a convenient, highly democratic informal medium for conveying messages that _______ well to human needs. (00/6)
A) adheres
B) reflects
C) conforms
D) satisfies
7. All individuals are required to ______ to the laws made by their governments. (99/1)
A) obey
B) conform
C) concede
D) observe
8. The vast majority of people in any given culture will _____ to the established standards of that culture. (98/1)
A) confine
B) conform
C) confront
D) confirm
Analogy(3次)
1. Professor Smith explained the movement of light____ that of water. (05/12)
A) by virtue of
B) by analogy with
C) in terms of
D) in line with
2. It is a(n) ________ that the French eat so much rich food and yet have a relatively low rate of heart disease. (04/6)
A) analogy
B) paradox
C) correlation
D) illusion
3. To help students understand how we see, teachers often draw an ________ between an eye and a camera. (01/6)
A) image
B) analogy
C) imitation
D) axis
Anticipate(3次)
1. Anyone not paying the registration fee by the end of this month will be ________ to have withdrawn from the program. (04/6)
A) contemplated
B) deemed
C) acknowledged
D) anticipated
2. The doctors don't____ that the patient will live much longer.(03/12)
A) monitor
B) manifest
C) articulate
D) anticipate
3. The doctors don't _______ that he will live much longer.(00/1)
A) articulate
B) anticipate
C) manifest
D) monitor
Assert(2次)
1. The police are trying to ________ what really happened. (04/6)
A) ascertain
B) assert
C) avert
D) ascribe
2. We shall probably never be able to ____ the exact nature of these sub-atomic particles. (02/6)
A) assert
B) impart
C) ascertain
D) notify
Assume(2次)
1. _______ that the demand for power continues to rise at the current rate, it will not be long before traditional sources become inadequate. (02/12)
A) Concerning
B) Ascertaining
C) Assuming
D) Regarding
2. The manager gave her his ________ that her complaint would be investigated. (02/1)
A) assurance
B) assumption
C) sanction
D) insurance
Conform:CDABD CBB
Analogy:BBB
Anticipate:BDB
Assert:AC
Assume:CA
高频词讲解:Conform
共出现8次,作为主考词5次,陪考词3次。
v. 1. 遵守,适应,顺从; 2. 相似,一致,符合
搭配:conform to/with 与相配
conform…to… 使……适合……
真题讲解:
1.翻译:老板多次让我失望,我不再……他的承诺了。
记一个词组have(place/put) reliance upon信任,信赖。Reliance信任的意思;
assurance信心;conformity一致;probability可能性。
2.翻译:一位证人……说,银行被抢后他看到嫌疑犯跑出银行。
Convict(经审讯)证明……有罪,宣判……有罪;
Retort反驳,反击,回嘴;testify证明,作证。
Convict与testify都与法律有关,但convict是证明有罪,testify则是说出自己看到的事实,与结果无关。
3.翻译:非常幸运的是,儿子的职业目标与老两口对他的期望是……。
Coincide的用法是:A and B coincide或A coincides with B,表示A与B相互一致;
Collaborate合作,用于collaborate with sb. on sth.表示在某事上和某人合作;
Comply顺从,常于with搭配;
Conform上面说到搭配的时候提到了,表示一致时常用于A conforms to/with B的结构中。
4.翻译:作为访问学者,他们愿意……所生活的国家的习俗。
Submit服从,屈服,提交;submit to 表示无奈之下的顺从,服从;
Subject使隶属,使服从,使遭受;subject to易于……的;
Commit承担,保证,委托,犯罪;commit to把……提交给,委身于,专心致志于。
5.翻译:所有的学生都必须……学校的规章制度。
Conform表示遵守的意思时,习惯与regulation, standard, law, rule, custom等连用,必须有to;
Confirm证实,肯定,确认,批准;(永赔词汇)
Confront勇敢面对(危险、困难等),正视;使对峙,使当面对正,遭遇;(永赔词汇)
Confine限定,限制;使不外出,禁闭。
6.翻译:电子邮件是一种便捷,高度民主的非正式媒体,它……人们的需求。
先说三个词组,六级中有三个词组表示遵守法律法规,它们是:adhere to, comply with, conform
to,大家可以把这三个词组放在一起背。另外,conform to还表示符合需要及标准,题干中有“needs”——人们的需要,所以只能选conform
to.Adhere to可以搭配law, regulation.
Reflect反射;深思,反省;反映;Satisfy使满意,使确信;达到(要求,便准等)。
7.翻译:所有人都要……政府制定的法律。
Obey表示遵守,服从,但后直接跟宾语,不加连接词。
Concede推让;Observe观察;上一题中谈到了conform to有遵守法律法规的意思。
8.翻译:每个特定文化中的大多数人都会……他们文化中业已形成的标准。
Confine限制,局限,confine sth./sb. to
Confront面对,使面临,对抗;Confirm确认,确信。

共出现3次,作为主考词2次,陪考词1次。
n. 相似之处;类推;类比;
搭配:by analogy用类推的方法:By analogy, the heart is a pump and brain is a computer.
Draw an analogy between A and B,将A与B做类比。
真题讲解:
1.翻译:史密斯教授在解释光的移动时,用水的移动……。
By analogy with用……类比; By virtue of 依靠;
In line with符合; In terms of在……方面。
2.翻译:法国人吃很多油腻的东西,但心脏病发病率却比较低,这看似有些……。
Paradox矛盾,悖论;国际经济学里有一个Leontief Paradox,可译成里昂惕夫悖论或里昂惕夫之谜,经济学专业的朋友们可以这样记下来。
Correlation相关,对比,交互作用,与to, with连用;
Illusion幻影,幻觉,幻想。
3.翻译:老师经常拿眼睛和照相机……以帮助学生了解眼睛是怎样看东西的。
Image形象,图像,象征,比喻,印象;
Imitation模仿;仿制,仿制品;赝品
Axis轴,轴线;坐标轴,基准线。
高频词讲解:anticipate
共出现3次,作为主考词2次,陪考词1次。
vt. 1.预料,期望; 2.先于……行动,提前使用。
搭配:anticipate doing sth.
真题讲解:
1.翻译:月底之前没交注册费的人将被……退出该计划。
Deem想,以为;相信;be deemed to指视为,被认为;
Contemplate沉思,仔细考虑;细心观察;期待,预期;企图,打算;
Acknowledge承认,感谢,告知收到,确认。
2.翻译:医生们预料这个病人活不了多久。
Monitor监视,监测;manifest表明,显示,使显现;articulate明确有力地表达,清晰地发音;
四个选项中只有anticipate能接that引导宾语从句,以为“预料……”。
3.与03年12月考题重复,与上一题一致。

共出现2次,均作为陪考次。
vt. 1.肯定地说,断言; 2.维护,坚持。
真题讲解:
1.翻译:警方正试图……到底发生了什么。
在第二期ascribe的时候,出过这道题。
Ascertain弄清,查明,根据句意应该能选出来;
Assert声称,主张,断言;assert oneself坚持自己的权利、意见
avert防止,避免;
2.翻译:我们也许永远也不能……这些亚原子粒子的确切性质了。
Ascertain探知,查明,指获得知识或明白以前所不知的事情;
Assert断言,常用于assert sth. to be true断言某事是真实的;
Impart告知,透露,给予,常与to连用,意为“传授,赋予,告知”;
Notify(正式)通知,报告。
高频词讲解:Assume
共出现2次,作为主考词1次,陪考词1次。
vt. 1. 假定,臆断; 2. 承担;He assumed the duties of leader. 他承担起领导者的责任。
3. 呈现The problem has assumed a new aspect.问题已经呈现出新的局面。
Assuming that…= Supposing/Suppose that…假定……
真题讲解:
1.翻译:假如对能源的需求以现在的速率继续增长下去的话,不久传统的能源就会不足了。
Concern表示涉及,有关于;使关心,使担心;Regard表示认为,对待,注视,注意,尊敬;
Concerning, Regarding可作介词,意为有关,关于;
Ascertain确定(事实),探知,查明,弄清。
如果大家看过《Harry Potter I》的电影的话,结尾的时候,Professor Dumbledore说了这样一句话:Assuming that my calculations are correct, I believe that a change of decoration is in order. Gryffindor wins the House Cup.就用到了Assuming that.
2.翻译:经理向她保证,她的投诉会得到调查。
Assurance保证,表示保证(或鼓励、安慰)的话;把我,自信;(人寿)保险;
Assumption假定,假想;承担;
Sanction许可,批准;Insurance保险,保险费。
总结:
1.上述18题请多看几遍,重在理解。
2.重点掌握conform、analogy、anticipate、assert、assume这五个单词,以及词语辨析。
3.除了conform、analogy、anticipate、assert、assume之外,请熟背以下单词:assurance, assure, testify, coincide, collaborate, comply, subject, commit, confirm, confront, confine, adhere, reflect, in terms of, paradox, illusion, image, contemplate, acknowledge, monitor, manifest, articulate, ascertain, ascribe, impart, notify.
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