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CET6真题高频词汇大解析(三)

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Ascribe(8次)
1. Police and villagers unanimously __the forest fire to thunder and lightning. (05/12)
A) ascribed
B) approached
C) confined
D) confirmed
2. The police are trying to ________ what really happened. (04/6)
A) ascertain
B) assert
C) avert
D) ascribe
3. Many great scientists ____ their success to hard work.(03/12)
A) portray
B) ascribe
C) impart
D) acknowledge
4. More than 85 percent of French Canada's population speaks French as a mother tongue and _______ to the Roman Catholic faith. (02/12)
A) caters
B) adheres
C) ascribes
D) subscribes
5. It was ____ that the restaurant discriminated against black customers. (02/6)
A) addicted
B) alleged
C) assaulted
D) ascribed
6. We should ________ our energy and youth to the development of our country. (02/1)
A) dedicate
B) cater
C) ascribe
D) cling
7. You should ________ to one or more weekly magazines such as time, or Newsweek. (01/6)
A) ascribe
B) order
C) reclaim
D) subscribe
8. The famous scientist _______his success to hard work.(00/1)
A) imparted
B) granted
C) ascribed
D) acknowledged
Allege(3次)
1. Allen will soon find out that real life is seldom as simple as it is _____ in commercials. (03/6)
A) permeated
B) alleged
C) depicted
D) drafted
2. It was ____ that the restaurant discriminated against black customers. (02/6)
A) addicted
B) alleged
C) assaulted
D) ascribed
3. The suspect ______ that he had not been in the neighbourhood at the time of the crime. (00/6)
A) advocated
B) alleged
C) addressed
D) announced
Ambitious(3次)
1. Their diplomatic principles completely laid bare their ________ for world conquest.(01/1)
A) admiration
B) ambition
C) administration
D)orientation
2. My sister is quite _______ and plans to get an M. A. degree within one year. (00/1)
A) aggressive
B) enthusiastic
C) considerate
D) ambitious
3. The directions were so _______ that it was impossible to complete the assignment. (98/6)
A) ingenious
B) ambitious
C) notorious
D) ambiguous
Amend(2次)
1. I found it difficult to _____ my career ambitions with the need to bring up my children. (03/6)
A) consolidate
B) amend
C) reconcile
D) Intensify
2. Mike just discovered that his passport had _______ three months ago. (99/6)
A) abolished
B) expired
C) amended
D) constrained
Apt(2次)
1. Even sensible men do ____ things sometimes. (02/6)
A) abrupt
B) absurd
C) acute
D) apt
2. Shoes of this kind are ________ to slip on wet ground. (02/1)
A) feasible
B) appropriate
C) apt
D) fitting

Ascribe:AABBB ADC
Allege:CBB
Ambitious:BDD
Amend:CB
Apt:BC
高频词讲解:Ascribe
共出现8次,作为主考词3次,陪考词5次。
v. 把……归因于
同义:attribute attribute…to… 把……归因于……
衍生:ascribable adj. 可归因于……的; ascription n. 归属
搭配:ascribe…to… 把……归因于……
真题讲解:
1.翻译:警察和村民都把森林大火……雷电。
Ascribe…to…表示原因,归因于。Approach接近;confine限制;confirm证实
2.翻译:警方正试图……到底发生了什么。
Ascertain弄清,查明,根据句意应该能选出来;
Assert声称,主张,断言;assert oneself坚持自己的权利、意见
avert防止,避免;
3.翻译:许多伟大的科学家把他们的成功……勤奋。
了解四个词的意思就很容易了。
Portray描写,描绘,描述;portray sb. as…把某人描述为……
Impart告知,透露,给予;impart…to… 将……赋予……
Acknowledge承认,确认;acknowledge sb. as sth.承认某认为……
4.翻译:加拿大人口中的85%以上的讲法语的人都把法语作为母语,并……罗马天主教信仰。
四个词都可以与to搭配
cater迎合,对……提供所需的东西,供应伙食;
adhere坚持,坚信;粘附;追随,支持;
subscribe捐助,订购(书籍、报刊等)。
5.翻译:据……这家餐馆歧视黑人顾客。
Allege断言,指控,宣称,it was alleged that…据说……;后面有关于这个单词的详细解释
Addict使沉迷、使上瘾;be addicted to sth. 对某事有瘾,沉迷于某事;
Assault攻击,袭击,谴责。
6.翻译:我们应该把我们的精力与青春……给国家的发展。
Dedicate献身,奉献,题词于书上;dedicate sth. to 把(时间和精力)贡献给
Cater to迎合,供应伙食
Cling vi, cling to 坚持,黏着,依附;
7.翻译:你应该……一种或几种周刊,比如《时代周刊》或《新闻周刊》。
Order命令,祝福,订做,订购;reclaim要回,开垦,回收;
subscribe订购,订阅(报刊杂志等);同意,赞成(与to连用)。
8.翻译:这位著名的科学家将自己的成功……勤奋。
与第三题几乎一样。
Impart传授,赋予,告知;grant=agree with,同意,授予;acknowledge承认,接受。

共出现3次,2次作为主考词,1次作为陪考词。
Vt. 断言,宣称
同义:affirm
搭配:allege sth. as a reason提出某事作为理由
It is alleged that…据说……
辨析:
allege, affirm都有断言的含义
allege是没有证据的断言;
affirm是在有充分证据的情况下作出的断言。
真题讲解:
1.翻译:Allen很快就会明白现实生活很少会向商业广告中……得那样简单。
Depict指用图像或文字描绘,题干中指的是广告中描述的生活;
Permeate弥漫,遍布,散布;渗入,渗透;draft起草;征募。
2.据……这家餐馆歧视黑人顾客。
与上一个单词ascribe的第五题是同一道题。
Allege断言,指控,宣称,it was alleged that…据说……;后面有关于这个单词的详细解释
Addict使沉迷、使上瘾;be addicted to sth. 对某事有瘾,沉迷于某事;
Assault攻击,袭击,谴责。
3.翻译:嫌疑犯……案发时他并没有在附近。
Advocate宣传,提倡;address致词,演讲;announce宣告,通告。
Allege没有证据的断言,作辩解讲时大多含有托词之意。
高频词讲解:ambitious
共出现3次,2次作为主考词,1次作为陪考词。
adj. 1.有抱负的,雄心,野心 2.企望得到的东西
真题讲解:
1.翻译:他们的外交方针充分暴露了他们要征服世界的……。
在上一期administer部分讲过这道题了。
Admiration佩服,钦佩;ambition雄心,野心,与句意相符;
Orientation东方;方位,目标;熟悉情况,认识环境;确定方向。新东方就是new oriental
2.翻译:我姐姐非常……,她计划一年内拿到文学硕士学位。
Aggressive侵犯的,侵略的;敢做敢为的,有进取心的;
Enthusiastic热情的;今后大家面临毕业写简历时会用到这个词,名次形式是enthusiasm;
Considerate体贴的,体谅的。
3.翻译:这个指示如此……以至于让人无法完成这项任务。
Ingenious敏捷的,有发明天才的;notorious臭名昭著的;
Ambiguous模棱两可的,含糊不清的。

共出现2次,均作为陪考词出现。
v. 修正,修订,改进
举例:amend the way of living改变生活方式
amend the earlier proposal修改建议书初稿
真题讲解:
1.翻译:我觉得在我的职业志向和抚养孩子这两者之间很难……。
Consolidate巩固,加强,把……连在一起,consolidate sth. into sth. 使事物联合或合并
Intensify加强,加剧;
Reconcile调和,reconcile…with…使……与……调和、和解。
2.翻译:Mike刚刚发现原来他的护照三个月以前就……。
在第一期的abolish中讲过了。
expire 到期,熄灭; amend修正,修改(法律,规则);
constrain 强迫,抑制,新东方张亚哲老师称之为“永赔词汇”,永远是陪考词,永远不选它!之后我的节目也会出现这个词,真题中它共出现三次,均不作为答案出现。当然,具体问题具体分析啊,呵呵
高频词讲解:Apt
共出现2次,作为主考词1次,陪考词1次。
adj. 1.易于,有(做某事的)倾向; 2.恰当的,适宜的; 3.聪明的,反应敏捷的。
搭配:be apt at 善于,巧于;如:She is apt at languages. 她善于学习语言。
be apt for适合;
be apt to (do sth.)易于;如:This shoe is apt to slip.这种鞋容易滑倒。
作“聪明的”讲时,an apt student聪明的学生;
作“恰当的”讲时,an apt answer适当的答复。
真题讲解:
1.翻译:即使是明智的人有时也会做出……的事。
第一期讲到abrupt时有这句话。
根据句义,应该选择一个sensible(明智的)的反义词。
absurd荒谬的,荒.唐的,愚蠢的; acute敏锐的,严重的;(疾病)急性的; apt能胜任的,易于,聪明的
2.翻译:这种鞋在湿地上……滑倒。上面有例句,be apt to slip容易滑倒。
Feasible切实可行的;
appropriate适当的,适合的;常指某一事物符合一定的目的、情况、场合等;
fit适合的,相称的,强健的,健康的;常指资格或能力上适合做某事、能胜任某项工作;作名词时意为试穿、装配、配置。
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